Total Knee Replacement- Minimally Invasive

If you have severe knee arthritis and difficulty getting out of bed, get in touch with the best orthopedists for advanced total knee replacement (TKR).

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Total knee replacement surgery, also known as total knee arthroplasty, is a surgical procedure in which a damaged or arthritic knee joint is replaced with an artificial joint (prosthesis). This procedure is commonly performed to alleviate severe knee pain, improve mobility, and enhance the quality of life for individuals with advanced knee osteoarthritis or other conditions that significantly impair knee function. Here’s an overview of total knee replacement surgery, treatment process, and potential cases:

Causes: The primary cause that leads to the need for total knee replacement surgery is severe knee joint damage or deterioration, often due to:

  1. Osteoarthritis: This is the most common cause of knee joint degeneration. Osteoarthritis occurs when the protective cartilage on the joint surfaces wears down over time, leading to pain, stiffness, and reduced joint function.
  2. Rheumatoid Arthritis: An autoimmune disorder that causes inflammation in the joints, including the knee joint, leading to joint damage, pain, and limited mobility.
  3. Post-Traumatic Arthritis: Significant knee joint damage can result from past knee injuries or trauma, leading to arthritis and the need for joint replacement.
  4. Other Arthritis Conditions: Other types of arthritis, such as psoriatic arthritis or ankylosing spondylitis, can also cause knee joint damage and necessitate knee replacement surgery.

Treatment Process: Total knee replacement surgery involves several steps and is tailored to the individual’s condition and needs:

  1. Consultation: During the initial consultation, an orthopedic surgeon will evaluate the individual’s knee joint, medical history, and overall health. Imaging tests like X-rays, MRI, or CT scans may be performed to assess the extent of joint damage.
  2. Preparation: If the individual is deemed a suitable candidate for total knee replacement surgery, they might need to undergo medical tests and make lifestyle changes to prepare for the procedure.
  3. Anesthesia: Total knee replacement surgery is usually performed under general anesthesia, ensuring the individual is asleep and pain-free during the surgery.
  4. Incision: The surgeon will make an incision over the knee joint to access the damaged joint surfaces.
  5. Reshaping and Implantation: The damaged bone and cartilage are removed, and the joint surfaces are reshaped to accommodate the artificial knee components. The artificial knee joint, typically made of metal, plastic, or ceramic materials, is then implanted.
  6. Closure: After the procedure, the incision is closed with sutures or staples, and dressings are applied to promote healing.
  7. Recovery and Rehabilitation: After surgery, the individual will stay in the hospital for a period of time for monitoring and rehabilitation. Physical therapy and exercises are essential for regaining knee strength, mobility, and function.

Recovery: Recovery times can vary, but it typically takes several weeks to a few months to fully recover from total knee replacement surgery. Adherence to post-surgery rehabilitation instructions and physical therapy exercises is crucial for achieving the best outcomes and regaining normal knee function.

If you’re considering total knee replacement surgery, it’s important to consult with a qualified orthopedic surgeon to discuss your specific condition, symptoms, and treatment options. The surgeon will help you make an informed decision and create a treatment plan tailored to your situation and goals.

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