Anal Fissure Surgery - Risks, Benefits, & Treatments

Immediate treatment for anal fissures is essential as it could become a chronic condition. You can avail the best-in-class treatment for anal fissures at Medbros Surgery, as we are equipped with cutting-edge laser surgery, anorectal specialists, and medical care coordinators at no-cost EMIs.

Book Free Doctor Appointment

An anal fissure is a small tear or cut in the lining of the anal canal, which can cause pain, bleeding, and discomfort during bowel movements. While many anal fissures heal on their own with conservative treatments, some cases may require surgical intervention. In this post, we’ll explore the surgical treatments for anal fissures, as well as the associated risks and benefits.

Non-Surgical Treatments: Before considering surgery, doctors often recommend non-surgical treatments for anal fissures, which may include:

  1. Dietary Changes: Increasing fiber intake and drinking plenty of water can help soften stools and reduce straining during bowel movements.
  2. Topical Medications: Over-the-counter or prescription creams or ointments containing analgesics and/or muscle relaxants can provide pain relief and promote healing.
  3. Sitz Baths: Soaking the anal area in warm water can help soothe discomfort and promote healing.
  4. Stool Softeners: These medications can help prevent constipation and reduce the strain during bowel movements.
  5. Botulinum Toxin Injection: In some cases, a botulinum toxin injection into the anal sphincter can help relax the muscle and promote healing.

Surgical Treatments: If non-surgical treatments do not provide relief or if the fissure is chronic or severe, surgical intervention may be necessary. Some common surgical treatments for anal fissures include:

  1. Lateral Internal Sphincterotomy (LIS): In this procedure, the surgeon makes a small incision in the internal anal sphincter muscle to reduce pressure on the fissure and promote healing. This surgery is highly effective but may carry a risk of causing temporary or permanent fecal incontinence.
  2. Fissurectomy: This surgery involves the removal of the anal fissure itself, along with any scar tissue, to promote healing.
  3. Advancement Flap Repair: In this procedure, nearby healthy tissue is used to cover the fissure, allowing it to heal and reducing the risk of recurrence.

Risks and Complications: Like any surgery, anal fissure surgery carries certain risks and potential complications, which may include:

  1. Infection: There is a risk of post-operative infection, especially in the anal area.
  2. Bleeding: Some bleeding may occur during or after the surgery.
  3. Fecal Incontinence: Surgery may carry a small risk of temporary or permanent fecal incontinence, although it is more commonly associated with LIS.
  4. Scar Tissue Formation: Scar tissue may form after surgery, which could lead to further complications or require additional treatment.
  5. Anesthesia Risks: General anesthesia or regional anesthesia may carry its own risks, such as allergic reactions or adverse effects.

Benefits: The benefits of anal fissure surgery include:

  1. Promotes Healing: Surgery can help heal chronic or severe fissures that have not responded to non-surgical treatments.
  2. Pain Relief: Surgical treatment can provide significant pain relief and improve the quality of life for individuals suffering from anal fissures.
  3. Reduced Risk of Recurrence: Some surgical procedures aim to reduce the likelihood of fissure recurrence.

Conclusion: Surgical intervention for anal fissures is typically reserved for cases that do not respond to conservative treatments or for chronic or severe fissures. While surgery can provide relief and promote healing, it also carries certain risks and potential complications. It is crucial to have a thorough discussion with a qualified healthcare professional to determine the most suitable treatment approach based on individual circumstances, taking into consideration the potential risks and benefits of surgery versus non-surgical options.

Book Your Consultation Now

Medbros Surgery

Seamless Booking for Your Medical Journey