Advanced Kidney Stone Laser Treatment

Kidney stones can cause excruciating pain which can result in several urinary issues. Contact medbros surgery for Best Treatment for Kidney Stones in India and get relief from kidney stone pain. Call us to book consultation with the best kidney stone specialist near you.

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Kidney stones, also known as renal calculi, are hard mineral and salt deposits that form in the kidneys. They can range in size from a tiny grain to a larger stone that can cause severe pain and complications. Kidney stones can be caused by various factors, and their treatment may involve both conservative measures and surgical intervention. Here is an overview of kidney stones, their causes, and the treatment options, including surgery:

Causes of Kidney Stones:

Kidney stones can form due to a combination of genetic, dietary, and lifestyle factors. Some common causes and risk factors include:

  1. Dehydration: Inadequate fluid intake can lead to concentrated urine, which increases the risk of stone formation.
  2. Diet: A diet high in sodium, animal proteins, and oxalate-rich foods (such as spinach, nuts, and chocolate) can contribute to stone formation.
  3. Family History: Individuals with a family history of kidney stones are at higher risk of developing them.
  4. Medical Conditions: Certain medical conditions, such as hyperparathyroidism, gout, and urinary tract infections, can increase the likelihood of kidney stones.
  5. Obesity: Being overweight or obese is associated with an increased risk of kidney stones.
  6. Medications: Some medications, such as certain diuretics and antacids, can contribute to stone formation.

Treatment of Kidney Stones:

The treatment of kidney stones depends on the size, location, and composition of the stones, as well as the severity of symptoms. The following are common treatment approaches:

  1. Drinking Fluids: For small stones, drinking plenty of fluids can help flush the stones out of the kidneys and urinary tract.
  2. Pain Management: Pain caused by kidney stones can be managed with over-the-counter pain relievers or prescribed medications.
  3. Medical Expulsion Therapy: Certain medications can help relax the ureter, allowing small stones to pass more easily.
  4. Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy (ESWL): ESWL is a non-invasive procedure that uses shock waves to break larger stones into smaller pieces that can be passed in the urine.
  5. Ureteroscopy: In this procedure, a thin tube with a camera is passed through the urethra and bladder to the ureter, where the stone is located. The stone is then removed or broken using a laser.
  6. Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy (PCNL): For larger stones, PCNL involves making a small incision in the back to access the kidney and remove the stone.
  7. Open Surgery: In rare cases where other methods are not feasible, open surgery may be required to remove the kidney stone.


To prevent kidney stones, individuals are often advised to make dietary and lifestyle changes, including:

  • Drinking plenty of water to stay hydrated and keep urine diluted.
  • Limiting sodium and animal protein intake.
  • Reducing consumption of oxalate-rich foods.
  • Eating a balanced and healthy diet.
  • Taking medications as prescribed and monitoring conditions that may contribute to stone formation.

It’s essential to consult a healthcare provider for personalized advice and recommendations based on individual medical history and stone composition.

In summary, kidney stones are mineral deposits that form in the kidneys and can be caused by various factors. The treatment of kidney stones may involve conservative measures such as drinking fluids and pain management, as well as surgical interventions like ESWL, ureteroscopy, and PCNL, depending on the size and location of the stones. Preventive measures and dietary changes can also help reduce the risk of developing kidney stones in the future.

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