Advanced Stapedectomy Surgery - Inner Ear Surgery

Visit medbros surgery to undergo safe and effective stapedectomy surgery. At medbros surgery, we work with expert and experienced ENT surgeons who have ample experience in performing various surgical procedures, including stapedectomy. Book an appointment with us now.

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Stapedectomy is a surgical procedure performed to treat a hearing loss condition called otosclerosis. Otosclerosis is a disorder in which abnormal bone growth in the middle ear interferes with the proper movement of the stapes bone, leading to hearing loss. Stapedectomy aims to improve hearing by replacing the fixed stapes bone with a prosthesis that allows sound to be transmitted more effectively. Here is an overview of stapedectomy surgery, its treatment goals, and the causes that may lead to this procedure:

Treatment with Stapedectomy:

Stapedectomy is primarily performed to treat otosclerosis, a condition that affects the movement of the stapes bone. The procedure’s main goal is to restore or improve hearing in individuals with conductive hearing loss caused by otosclerosis. Conductive hearing loss occurs when sound waves are blocked from reaching the inner ear due to problems in the middle or outer ear.

Causes for Stapedectomy:

The primary cause of stapedectomy is otosclerosis, a condition characterized by abnormal bone growth in the middle ear, specifically around the stapes bone. This abnormal bone growth leads to the fixation of the stapes bone, which inhibits its ability to vibrate and transmit sound waves to the inner ear.

The exact cause of otosclerosis is not fully understood, but it is believed to have a genetic component, as it tends to run in families. Other potential factors that may contribute to the development of otosclerosis include viral infections, hormonal changes (e.g., pregnancy), and certain environmental factors.

Stapedectomy Procedure:

Stapedectomy is a delicate microsurgical procedure that is typically performed under local or general anesthesia. The steps involved in a stapedectomy include:

  1. Incision: The surgeon makes a small incision in the ear canal to access the middle ear.
  2. Removal of the Stapes: The fixed or immobilized stapes bone is carefully removed.
  3. Prosthesis Placement: A small, artificial stapes prosthesis made of titanium, Teflon, or other biocompatible materials is inserted into the position previously occupied by the stapes bone.
  4. Healing and Recovery: The ear is allowed to heal naturally, and the new prosthesis helps to transmit sound vibrations to the inner ear, improving hearing.

Recovery after Stapedectomy:

Recovery after stapedectomy can vary from person to person, but most patients can go home the same day or the day after the surgery. The surgeon will provide post-operative instructions, which may include:

  1. Ear Protection: After surgery, the operated ear needs to be kept dry and protected during the healing phase.
  2. Follow-up Visits: Regular follow-up appointments with the surgeon are essential to monitor healing and assess hearing improvement.
  3. Hearing Improvement: Hearing improvement may take some time, and the extent of improvement varies among individuals.
  4. Avoiding Strain: Patients are generally advised to avoid activities that could put undue strain on the healing ear.

Stapedectomy is generally considered a safe and effective procedure, with a high success rate in improving hearing for patients with otosclerosis-related conductive hearing loss. However, like any surgery, there are potential risks and complications to consider, and it’s important to discuss the benefits and risks with an ENT specialist to determine if stapedectomy is the appropriate treatment option for your specific condition

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