Arthroscopic Knee Replacement Surgery

Restore mobility of the knee joint by getting rid of the affected one. Undergo advanced and minimally invasive total knee replacement surgery or partial knee replacement surgery. Book your appointment today with medbros surgery to get in touch with a highly experienced orthopedic surgeon to undergo safest knee replacement surgery.

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Knee replacement surgery, also known as knee arthroplasty, is a surgical procedure in which a damaged or arthritic knee joint is replaced with an artificial joint (prosthesis). This procedure is typically performed to alleviate severe knee pain and improve mobility in individuals with advanced knee osteoarthritis or other conditions that have significantly impaired the function of the knee joint. Here’s an overview of knee replacement surgery, treatment process, and potential causes:

Causes: The primary cause that leads to the need for knee replacement surgery is severe knee joint damage or deterioration, often due to:

  1. Osteoarthritis: This is the most common cause of knee joint degeneration. It’s a degenerative joint disease that occurs when the protective cartilage on the ends of bones wears down over time, leading to pain, stiffness, and reduced joint function.
  2. Rheumatoid Arthritis: An autoimmune disorder that can cause chronic inflammation of the joints, including the knee joint, leading to joint damage and pain.
  3. Post-Traumatic Arthritis: Severe knee joint damage can result from a past injury or trauma, leading to arthritis and the need for joint replacement.
  4. Other Arthritis Conditions: Other types of arthritis, such as psoriatic arthritis or ankylosing spondylitis, can also cause knee joint damage and necessitate knee replacement surgery.

Treatment Process: Knee replacement surgery involves several steps and is tailored to the individual’s condition and needs:

  1. Consultation: During the initial consultation, a orthopedic surgeon will assess the individual’s knee joint, medical history, and overall health. X-rays and other imaging tests might be performed to evaluate the extent of joint damage.
  2. Preparation: If the individual is a suitable candidate for knee replacement surgery, they might need to undergo certain medical tests and make lifestyle changes to prepare for the procedure.
  3. Anesthesia: Knee replacement surgery is usually performed under general anesthesia, which means the individual will be asleep and won’t feel any pain during the surgery.
  4. Incision: The surgeon will make an incision over the knee joint to access the damaged joint surfaces.
  5. Reshaping and Implantation: The damaged bone and cartilage are removed, and the joint surfaces are reshaped to fit the artificial knee components. The artificial joint, made of metal, plastic, or ceramic materials, is then implanted.
  6. Closure: The incision is closed using sutures or staples, and dressings are applied to promote healing.
  7. Recovery: After surgery, the individual will stay in the hospital for a period of time for monitoring and rehabilitation. Physical therapy and exercises are crucial for regaining strength, mobility, and function in the new knee joint.

Knee replacement surgery can provide significant relief from pain and improve overall quality of life for individuals with severe knee joint damage. However, recovery can take time, and adherence to post-surgery rehabilitation is important for optimal outcomes.

It’s important to consult with a qualified orthopedic surgeon to determine if knee replacement surgery is appropriate for your specific condition. The surgeon will assess your individual needs, discuss potential risks and benefits, and create a treatment plan tailored to your situation.

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