Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery

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Spine surgery refers to a range of surgical procedures performed on the spine to address various spine-related conditions that cause pain, neurological symptoms, or structural abnormalities. Spine surgery is typically considered when conservative treatments such as medication, physical therapy, and lifestyle modifications have not provided sufficient relief. Here’s an overview of spine surgery, treatment options, and potential causes for its use:

Causes: Spine surgery can be performed to address a variety of spine-related conditions and causes, including:

  1. Herniated Disc: A herniated disc occurs when the soft inner material of a spinal disc pushes through its outer layer, potentially pressing on nearby nerves and causing pain, numbness, or weakness.
  2. Spinal Stenosis: Spinal stenosis is the narrowing of the spinal canal, which can compress the spinal cord or nerve roots and lead to pain, numbness, and difficulty walking.
  3. Degenerative Disc Disease: Over time, the spinal discs can degenerate, leading to pain, instability, and reduced mobility.
  4. Spondylolisthesis: This condition involves one vertebra slipping forward over another, potentially causing spinal instability and nerve compression.
  5. Spinal Fractures: Fractures of the vertebrae can result from trauma or conditions like osteoporosis, potentially requiring surgical stabilization.
  6. Spinal Deformities: Conditions such as scoliosis (sideways curvature) and kyphosis (excessive forward curvature) can lead to pain and discomfort, and in severe cases, surgery may be needed to correct the deformity.

Treatment Options: The choice of spine surgery and treatment approach depends on the specific condition, its severity, the patient’s overall health, and other factors. Here are some common spine surgery options:

  1. Discectomy: This procedure involves removing part or all of a herniated disc that is compressing spinal nerves.
  2. Laminectomy: Also known as decompression surgery, a laminectomy involves removing a portion of the vertebral bone (lamina) to relieve pressure on the spinal cord or nerves.
  3. Spinal Fusion: Spinal fusion involves joining two or more vertebrae together using bone grafts, screws, and rods. It’s often performed to stabilize the spine in cases of instability or deformity.
  4. Artificial Disc Replacement: In some cases of disc degeneration, a damaged disc is replaced with an artificial disc to maintain motion in the spine.
  5. Vertebroplasty or Kyphoplasty: These procedures involve injecting bone cement into fractured vertebrae to stabilize and relieve pain.
  6. Scoliosis Surgery: Surgery for scoliosis may involve correcting the curvature using rods, screws, and hooks to improve alignment.

Recovery and Rehabilitation: Recovery times and rehabilitation after spine surgery vary depending on the type of surgery and the patient’s condition. Physical therapy, exercises, and lifestyle modifications are often important components of the recovery process to regain strength, mobility, and function.

It’s important to consult with a qualified spine surgeon to discuss your specific condition, symptoms, and treatment options. The decision to undergo spine surgery should be made based on a thorough evaluation of your individual needs, potential risks and benefits, and consideration of other non-surgical treatment options.

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