Advanced PCNL Surgery For Kidney Stone

PCNL surgery effectively relieves kidney stones that are too large or too dense to be corrected with any other procedure. It relieves painful symptoms to improve the patient’s quality of life. At medbros surgery , our experienced doctors use advanced technology to perform PCNL surgery and ensure minimal discomfort.

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PCNL stands for Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy. It is a surgical procedure used to remove large kidney stones or multiple stones from the kidney. PCNL is considered a minimally invasive procedure because it does not involve a large incision. Instead, it is performed through a small puncture in the back, allowing the surgeon to access and remove the kidney stones using specialized instruments. Here is an overview of PCNL, its treatment process, and the causes that may lead to this procedure:

PCNL Treatment Process:

  1. Anesthesia: PCNL is typically performed under general anesthesia, which means the patient is asleep and feels no pain during the procedure.
  2. Puncture and Access: The surgeon makes a small incision or puncture in the patient’s back to access the kidney. A guide wire and dilators are then used to create a pathway to the kidney.
  3. Nephroscope Insertion: A nephroscope, which is a thin, flexible tube with a camera and light at the end, is inserted through the pathway to visualize the kidney stones.
  4. Stone Fragmentation: The surgeon uses laser or pneumatic energy to break up the large kidney stones into smaller fragments, making them easier to remove.
  5. Stone Removal: The smaller stone fragments are then removed using specialized grasping tools or suction.
  6. Drainage Tube (Optional): In some cases, a temporary drainage tube (nephrostomy tube) may be placed in the kidney to ensure proper drainage of urine and reduce the risk of swelling.
  7. Recovery: Following the procedure, the patient is monitored in the hospital for a short period and may be discharged within a day or two.

Causes for PCNL Treatment:

PCNL is primarily used to treat large kidney stones or multiple stones that cannot be effectively treated with other non-invasive or minimally invasive procedures. The causes that may lead to the need for PCNL treatment include:

  1. Large Kidney Stones: Kidney stones that are too large to pass on their own and are causing significant symptoms or complications may require PCNL for effective removal.
  2. Complex or Multiple Stones: PCNL is also used for the removal of multiple stones or stones located in complex areas of the kidney that are difficult to reach with other procedures.

Advantages of PCNL:

Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy offers several advantages, including:

  • Effective Stone Removal: PCNL is highly effective in removing large or multiple kidney stones in a single procedure.
  • Minimally Invasive: While PCNL involves making a small puncture in the back, it is considered minimally invasive compared to open surgery.
  • High Success Rate: PCNL has a high success rate in achieving stone clearance.
  • Reduced Hospital Stay: In many cases, patients can be discharged within a day or two after the procedure.

However, like any surgical procedure, PCNL carries potential risks and complications, which can be discussed with the treating urologist.

It’s essential for individuals with large or multiple kidney stones to consult with a urologist to determine the most suitable treatment option based on stone size, location, composition, overall health, and other individual factors. The urologist can help guide the patient in making an informed decision about whether PCNL is the appropriate treatment option for their specific case.

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