LASIK Surgery- Diagnosis, Procedure and Recovery

Get rid of glasses and contact lenses with advanced LASIK surgery in India. medbros surgery  offers LASIK surgery performed by experienced and specialized ophthalmologists. Our surgeons have a track record of performing safe and successful LASIK procedures. Get in touch with us to book an appointment with the best eye specialists near you.

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LASIK (Laser-Assisted in Situ Keratomileusis) eye surgery is a popular and effective surgical procedure used to correct refractive vision problems such as nearsightedness (myopia), farsightedness (hyperopia), and astigmatism. LASIK surgery aims to reshape the cornea, the clear front surface of the eye, to improve how light is focused on the retina and thus enhance vision. Here’s an overview of LASIK eye surgery, the treatment process, and potential causes for its use:

Causes (Indications): LASIK eye surgery is typically recommended for individuals who have common refractive vision problems and meet certain criteria:

  1. Nearsightedness (Myopia): Individuals who can see nearby objects clearly but have difficulty seeing distant objects.
  2. Farsightedness (Hyperopia): Individuals who can see distant objects more clearly than near objects.
  3. Astigmatism: Individuals with an uneven curvature of the cornea that causes blurred or distorted vision.

Treatment Process: LASIK eye surgery involves several steps:

  1. Preoperative Evaluation: An ophthalmologist (eye surgeon) evaluates the patient’s eye health, refraction, corneal thickness, and general eye health to determine if LASIK is a suitable option.
  2. Anesthesia: Eye drops are used to numb the eye, ensuring the procedure is painless. Some patients might receive a mild sedative to help them relax.
  3. Creation of Flap: A thin flap is created on the surface of the cornea using a microkeratome (blade) or a femtosecond laser. The flap is then lifted to expose the underlying corneal tissue.
  4. Reshaping the Cornea: An excimer laser is used to precisely remove a small amount of corneal tissue, reshaping its curvature based on the individual’s refractive error.
  5. Flap Replacement: After reshaping the cornea, the flap is gently placed back into its original position, where it adheres naturally without the need for stitches.

Recovery and Aftercare: After LASIK surgery, patients typically experience improved vision within a day or two, although it might take a few weeks for vision to stabilize fully. Key points during recovery include:

  • The use of prescribed eye drops to prevent infection and manage dryness and discomfort.
  • Avoiding strenuous activities and protecting the eyes from bright lights and irritants during the initial recovery period.
  • Following the surgeon’s post-operative instructions for medication, eye care, and follow-up appointments.

Risks and Considerations: While LASIK surgery is generally safe and effective, it’s important to be aware of potential risks and limitations. Some individuals may not be good candidates for LASIK due to factors such as:

  • Corneas that are too thin or irregular.
  • Severe refractive errors or unstable prescriptions.
  • Certain eye conditions or diseases.

Potential risks include dry eyes, glare, halos, nighttime vision disturbances, and a small risk of infection or complications.

If you’re considering LASIK eye surgery, it’s crucial to consult with an experienced ophthalmologist who can assess your individual eye health, discuss the benefits and risks of the procedure, and help you make an informed decision about whether LASIK is the right option for you.

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